Inhabiting a small island south of Gnurr Kett, these "mosquito people" are encountered away from its shores extremely rarely if ever (see next paragraph). While the females are ravenous blood-draining predators, the males are harmless scholars. The two sexes interact only to mate, and the males accept sadly that their female counterparts are deadly to most visitors.

Over two thousand years before the time of The Scar, the anophelii expanded into a short-lived Malarial Queendom, an empire spanning most of Bas-Lag's southern lands. Their last remaining settlement is now tightly quarantined by Dreer Samher cactacae guards to prevent a reocurrence of this catastrophe. While the male scholars are only capable of forming the hooting sounds of their own language, they have been taught the writing system of High Kettai in order that the elites of Gnurr Kett may carefully control the he-anophelii's intellectual output.

Tragically, the mosquito women, their retractable foot-long proboscis contained in a more human-like mouth, are unable to replicate the male language. Able to survive months on end without eating, they are nearly always driven by starved hunger, and only in rare lucid moments after feeding are they able to think clearly. Neither sap-blooded cactacae nor armor-blooded scabmettlers are vulnerable to the she-anophelii.

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